PML(N), PMN-N, or PMLN) is a center-right and conservative political party in Pakistan. The party became the largest political force in the country, securing 186 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan following the 2013 general election. PML-N gained a supermajority in the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab. The PML(N) is headed by Nawaz Sharif, who is the current Prime
The party’s stronghold lies in the heartland of Punjab province, although it also enjoys significant representation in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA and Sindh, and a presence in Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan. It is one of several continuing factions of the Pakistan Muslim League. In addition, it is the only party in the history of Pakistan to receive a two-thirds majority in Parliament outright through a parliamentary election, in 1997. According to the International Republican Institute (IRI), it is currently the most popular political party in the country.
Breakaway from the original PML
The Pakistan Muslim League was founded in 1962, as a successor to the previously disbanded Muslim League. After independence and the creation of Pakistan, the Muslim League suffered internal political disagreements, lack of political program or motivation for public reforms, and inadequate administrative preparations and mismanagement. In the 1954 general election, it suffered its worst defeat: a brutal, embarrassing loss at the hands of the United Front alliance in East-Pakistan and the now-defunct Republican Party in the West-Pakistan. In the 1960s, the party was presided over by Nurul Amin as its elected president and deepened its role in West Pakistan.
In 1970 general elections, the PML managed to secure only two electoral seats in the East-Pakistan parliament and only ten in West Pakistan. Despite of its poor performance, the party president, Nurul Amin, became the Prime Minister and Vice-President of Pakistan as well in 1970. The PML government was short-lived and soon its government fell as an aftermath of the 1971 war.
The list below shows the well-known breakaway factions and their relationships with the military, although many minor factions existed throughout the history: